Negative reinforcement plays an important role in anxiety and related problems. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, panic attacks, and other related disorders can all be worsened by it. So what is negative reinforcement?[Read more…]
The Scope of the Problem
Barriers to mental health treatment abound in the United States. The nature of these barriers is varied. Some involve people seeking but unable to obtain services. Others involve a failure to seek services. In combination, these obstacles result in a large proportion of those in need of mental healthcare not getting it.
For example, a 2008 study examined mental health problems in a large sample of military members who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. The study found that only around half of those veterans with depression and PTSD sought help for these problems. Unfortunately, the corresponding statistics for non-veterans are no better. Why is that?[Read more…]
A Traumatic Crisis
The recent suicides of Lorna Breen, a New York doctor of emergency medicine and Bronx EMT John Mondello have drawn attention to the emotional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare workers. Hopefully their deaths do not portend a mental health crisis for the healthcare workers who provided care during the worst of the outbreak. Read on to explore the factors that may have affected these two tragic heroes, and to learn how PTSD and depression are concerns for healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients.[Read more…]
Deciding to seek help is a big first step. From there, it’s important to find the right therapist. You’re more likely to find success in therapy if you and your therapist are well matched. The best therapist for you has the appropriate training and expertise to treat the issues you want to work on.
When to seek therapy: It can be difficult to decide if and when psychotherapy would be helpful. A general guideline that we recommend is called the interference rule: if a problem is significantly interfering in your ability to live your life in the way you’d like, then psychotherapy may be helpful.[Read more…]
What Is Cognitive Processing Therapy?
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) developed by psychologists in the Department of Veterans Affairs. They specifically designed CPT to help people suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may arise after someone experiences a traumatic event. PTSD can include symptoms such as nightmares, depression, flashbacks, panic attacks, avoidance, intrusive thoughts, exaggerated startle response, and feeling constantly “on alert.”[Read more…]